75 years after the end of the last war on German soil, bombs, grenades, chemical warfare agents and other weapons not taken into safe keeping during wartime still represent a significant risk to human life and health. In addition, there is also explosive ordnance left behind or lost by the Allied armed forces, the German armed forces and the National People’s Army. Where they have not yet been completely cleared of ordnance, former armament sites, explosive and troop training areas have a similarly high risk potential.
To date, only a fraction of these weapons have been found and rendered harmless. In the clearance of explosive ordnance, the main focus is on actively searching, using technical means such as geophysical detection methods. These geophysical detection methods have come along by leaps and bounds over the last ten years, and they are now the main area of activity in the accreditation of test methods used by companies working to clear explosive ordnance. This is not just a matter of “prospecting”, it also involves a process with testing and inspection services ranging from historical genetic reconstruction and aerial image analysis to measurement and evaluation, and the development for example of approaches to the clearance of explosive ordnance, including monitoring and performance review.
The primary focus of Sector Committee on Explosive Ordnance Disposal is on ensuring a harmonised approach between the federal government and the states to the determination of rules for the accreditation of companies working in the area of explosive ordnance clearance. These enterprises include not only companies that carry out measurements designed to locate explosive ordnance, but also companies involved in inspection activities relating to the clearance of explosive ordnance.
- Explosive ordnance disposal companies accredited for geophysical detection in the context of explosive ordnance clearance, including all associated activities in accordance with the DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 standard
- Engineering companies accredited as inspection bodies for their areas of expertise and the associated geophysical inspection work in accordance with DIN EN ISO/IEC 17020
Pursuant to Section 1 of the Internal Regulations of the DAkkS sector committee, the Sector Committee on Explosive Ordnance Disposal is subject to the following specific and detailed regulations:
Because of the special requirements of German law governing explosive substances (Explosives Act – SprengG) and the act implementing Article 26 (2) of the Basic Law (War Weapons Control Act ), the committee is open only to appropriate experts and authorities. The authorities provide experts from their own ranks.
The Sector Committee on Explosive Ordnance Disposal draws up more detailed regulations for the standards DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 and DIN EN ISO/IEC 17020. It also sets out special requirements for the qualifications, experience and competence of technical assessors and supports DAkkS with their appointment. In addition, it defines rules for conducting the technical assessment.
When requested to do so, it advises the regulatory authorities on the implementation of competence confirmation procedures through accreditation. The goal here is to establish is a nationally harmonised, internationally compatible and recognised competence confirmation procedure for measurement and inspection activities in the area of explosive ordnance clearance.
The sector committee is made up of experts from the explosive ordnance disposal services of the federal states, the Institute for Federal Real Estate, the Lower Saxony State Office for Construction and Real Estate, the Federal Coordination Centre for Explosive Ordnance Clearance, and from companies in the explosive ordnance clearance sector, associations, certification bodies and academic disciplines.
Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg – Behörde für Inneres/Feuerwehr – Kampfmittelräumdienst
Dr.-Ing. Kay Winkelmann
Kampfmittelsondierung – Geophysik – Archäologische Prospektion